What I want to do today is to write a brief summary of each of the arguments for the existence of God that I have come across in my studies; that seem to hold any water (I won’t be calling on the youtube video that argues for design just because a human hand can hold a banana). If I miss any that you believe to be a part of this review, please contact me and I will research the argument and update my post here.
The Kalam Cosmological Argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6CulBuMCLg0 – This argument focuses on the prime mover, or the uncaused first cause. The argument goes as such: everything that begins to exist has a cause, the universe began to exist; therefore the universe has a cause. Dr. William Lane Craig is the biggest proponent of this argument, and further develops the characteristics of this prime mover and shows that the God of Christianity is the best fit for this uncaused first cause.
The Contingency Argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPCzEP0oD7I – This is a bit of a spin on the Cosomological argument, and goes as such. Everything that exists has an explanation of its existence. If the universe has an explanation of its existence, that explanation is God. The universe exists, therefore the explanation of the universe’s existence is God.
The Ontological Argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xBmAKCvWl74 – This argument talks about the possibility of a maximally great being. If it is possible that this maximally great being, otherwise known as God, exists, then God does exist.
The Argument from Fine Tuning/Teleological Argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Yt7hvgFuNg – This argument discusses the universe as a set of constants (universal constants such as the weak and strong atomic forces, the cosmological constant, and so on), if any of these constants were off by a little bit, then life would not be permissible
The moral argument https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxiAikEk2vU – This argument bring up something that could be a little controversial in today’s postmodern society. This argument posits this. If objective moral values and duties exist, then God exists. Objective moral values and duties do exist, therefore God exists.
These arguments should be a good starting point for a beginner in apologetics, who wants to examine some basic arguments for the existence of God. Since this should be out by around the new year, this could be a new beginning of faith or a new journey for a believer who wants to know why they believe what they believe. May God bless you, and I wish you all a happy new year!
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